Jetoane canadiene

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Name Origin[ edit ] The name is derived from reference by R. McLachlan in an article about Canadian Numismatics, where he describes a specific coin of this series and says: Previous towhen the lack of specie caused copper change to be accepted in bulk, there lived in Montreal a blacksmith of dissipated habits. He prepared a die for himself, and when he wished to have a "good time" he struck two or three dollars in these coppers, and thereby supplied himself with sufficient change with which to gratify his wishes.

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While the rarer blacksmith tokens may well have been struck by a single person by hand, the large numbers of some of the more common tokens in this series suggests that some of them came from more professional minting operations. McLachlan stated that the numerous types of blacksmith tokens available and their quantity meant that they were either struck at several different establishments in quantity, or a large number came from one establishment which operated for several years.

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McLachlan in articles dating back to the mids, and several examples were also included in Pierre-Napoléon Breton 's extensive catalog of Canadian colonial tokens. Howland Wood published the first comprehensive study of the series in an article published The Numismatist intitled The Canadian Blacksmith Coppers jetoane canadiene later that same year as a pamphlet of the same name.

He noted one characteristic that was common to the series, that they were created specifically to look like worn British half-pence coins.

Adaugă un nou jeton! Canada este un stat in America de Nord. Populata initial de indienii americanisti, de inuiti, Canada a fost exploatata in d. Expeditiile organizate in zona Newfoundland de catre englezi, francezi, spanioli si portughezi au inceput in

Another common feature to most of the Blacksmith coppers was that their designs were the opposite to that of the original coin being imitated. If the coin was imitating the bust of George III on its obverse, it would face left in the Blacksmith version whereas in the officially issued coinage it would face right.

Но если бы Хранилища Памяти оказались уничтожены, через тысячу лет город был бы мертв, поскольку его обитатели потеряли способность к воспроизводству. Это была дилемма, от которой, казалось, совершенно некуда было уйти, но Хилвар уже нащупал одно из возможных решений.

Wood believed that the reason for this was the inexperience of the die cutter, who created the die facing the same way as the original coin being imitated. Given that jetoane canadiene banks of Upper and Lower Canada started issuing their own officially sanctioned tokens of the correct weight for their value inWood believed this series of tokens must have been created between those dates.

Some of his discoveries including finding that the die axes described for some varieties in existing coin catalogs should be considered approximate, identifying additional sub-varieties to Wood 29 and Wood 38, and suggests that jetoane canadiene are at least four major "families" of Blacksmiths whose production are linked based on the dies that were used.

Возможно, присущий Хедрону дух иронической отрешенности производил на Элвина впечатление неявной насмешки над всеми его усилиями, даже когда тот, казалось, всеми силами старался помочь. Из-за этого, равно как и из-за собственного упрямства и независимости, Элвин колебался привлекать Шута иначе как в качестве последнего средства. Они договорились встретиться в небольшом круглом дворике недалеко от Зала Совета. В городе было много подобных уединенных местечек, часто расположенных вблизи оживленных артерий и одновременно полностью отрезанных от .

The "BITIT" blacksmith tokens Wood 33 is considered to be the most common of the Blacksmiths series, [25] and one of the most controversial in numismatic literature. The obverse contains the profile strategie matematică cu opțiuni binare George III with what Wood described as a "large pug nose", [26] while the reverse has a seated Britannia holding a shamrock.

Unlike most Blacksmith tokens, this coin features a legend on both sides, with the tops of the letters jetoane canadiene by excessive die polishing, possibly done on purpose.

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McLachlan refuted this claim, saying that he had "little doubt that this piece was struck and issued in Canada as an imitation of a George III copper". Hickcox believed the coin to have come from Vermont, the majority consensus of other midth century U. Colonial numismatists omit the coin in their listings [38] While the provenance of this coin is still debated, examples of this coin appearing in the hoard McLachlan described and archaeological finds in locations in Upper Canada, Lower Canada and New Brunswick establish that it circulated in Canada.